CentOS 6.3 X86_64 RAM detection

Peter asked:

I have a machine with 8GB ram (BIOS sees it, so my motherboard and CPU supports it), and I installed CentOS 6.3 on it.
When it starts up, it only see 3.1GB.

uname says: 2.6.32-279.1.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP

BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009fc00 (usable)
BIOS-e820: 000000000009fc00 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
BIOS-e820: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 00000000cf65f000 (usable)
BIOS-e820: 00000000cf65f000 - 00000000cf6e8000 (ACPI NVS)
BIOS-e820: 00000000cf6e8000 - 00000000cf6ec000 (usable)
BIOS-e820: 00000000cf6ec000 - 00000000cf6ff000 (ACPI data)
BIOS-e820: 00000000cf6ff000 - 00000000cf700000 (usable)

dmesg | grep -i memory says:

initial memory mapped : 0 - 20000000
init_memory_mapping: 0000000000000000-00000000cf700000
Reserving 129MB of memory at 48MB for crashkernel (System RAM: 3319MB)
PM: Registered nosave memory: 000000000009f000 - 00000000000a0000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000000a0000 - 00000000000e0000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000cf65f000 - 00000000cf6e8000
PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000cf6ec000 - 00000000cf6ff000
Memory: 3184828k/3398656k available (5152k kernel code, 1016k absent, 212812k reserved, 7166k data, 1260k init)
please try 'cgroup_disable=memory' option if you don't want memory cgroups
Initializing cgroup subsys memory
Freeing initrd memory: 16136k freed
Non-volatile memory driver v1.3
agpgart-intel 0000:00:00.0: detected 8192K stolen memory
crash memory driver: version 1.1
Freeing unused kernel memory: 1260k freed
Freeing unused kernel memory: 972k freed
Freeing unused kernel memory: 1732k freed

Memtest see all the 8GB, and dmidecode -t 17 | grep Size too.
But free -m still see only 3.1 GB.

Question: How can I repair/modify the system, to see all the 8GB RAM?

Thanks in advance!

My answer:

Enter your BIOS setup and enable the Memory Remapping option.

View the full question and answer on Server Fault.

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