Can these IPv4 and IPv6 firewall rules be hardened any further?

AtomicFault asked:

I am running Ubuntu 10.04.

Here are the IPv4 firewall rules that I’ve been using now for a few months:

*filter

#Allow all loopback (lo0) traffic and drop all traffic to 127/8
#that doesn't use lo0
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -d 127.0.0.0/8 -j REJECT

#Accept all established inbound connections
-A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

#Allow all outbound traffic - you can modify this to only allow certain traffic
-A OUTPUT -j ACCEPT

#Allow HTTP and HTTPS connections from anywhere (the normal ports
#for websites and SSL)
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

#Allow SSH connections
#The -dport number should be the same port number you set in sshd_config
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

#Allow ping
-A INPUT -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT

#Log iptables denied calls
-A INPUT -m limit --limit 5/min -j LOG --log-prefix "iptables denied: " --log-level 7

#Reject all other inbound - default deny unless explicitly allowed policy
-A INPUT -j REJECT
-A FORWARD -j REJECT

COMMIT

These rules seem to have served me well. I’m only running an Apache web server, and only allow HTTP and HTTPS connections. I also allow my server to be pinged.

First question: Do you think these IPv4 are secure enough? Is there any further room for hardening?


Recently, I activated IPv6 on my server. Correspondingly, I created firewall rules for IPv6 that are exactly the same as the above, except that I changed

-A INPUT -d 127.0.0.0/8 -j REJECT

into

-A INPUT -d ::1 -j REJECT

and changed

-A INPUT -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT

into

-A INPUT -p icmpv6 -j ACCEPT

These new IPv6 rules seem to be working fine. But I’m not sure. IPv6 is a lot more complex, so I may well be overlooking something.

Question 2: Can these IPv6 rules be hardened further?


In case you’re wondering, I have the above IPv4 and IPv6 rules in their two separate /etc/iptables.firewall.rules and /etc/ip6tables.firewall.rules files, and activate them at boot by using

iptables-restore < /etc/iptables.firewall.rules

and

ip6tables-restore < /etc/ip6tables.firewall.rules

My answer:


For IPv6, you need rules to deal with the RH0 security issue. They should appear at the beginning of each table.

-A INPUT -m rt --rt-type 0 -j DROP
-A FORWARD -m rt --rt-type 0 -j DROP
-A OUTPUT -m rt --rt-type 0 -j DROP

Aside from that, it looks reasonable.


View the full question and answer on Server Fault.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.