How can I have uppercase letters in my domains (similar to Berkeley.EDU)

cnst asked:

I’m using NSD3, and I’m unsuccessful in trying to have capital letters in my domain names.

How is it possible to have uppercase letters in your DNS?

In various OSS documentation, it’s very common to see Berkeley.EDU capitalised, and indeed their DNS is still capitalised to this day:

% traceroute www.berkeley.edu
…
15  t1-3.inr-201-sut.Berkeley.EDU (128.32.0.65)  168.794 ms  169.906 ms  168.714 ms
16  t5-5.inr-210-srb.Berkeley.EDU (128.32.255.37)  168.850 ms  168.912 ms t5-4.inr-210-srb.Berkeley.EDU (128.32.255.125)  168.886 ms

And in forward DNS, they, too, have various domains capitalised:

% dig @ns.cs.berkeley.edu. cs.berkeley.edu.
…
;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
cs.berkeley.edu.        86400   IN      NS      cgl.UCSF.edu.
cs.berkeley.edu.        86400   IN      NS      adns1.berkeley.edu.
cs.berkeley.edu.        86400   IN      NS      ns.cs.berkeley.edu.
cs.berkeley.edu.        86400   IN      NS      vangogh.cs.berkeley.edu.
cs.berkeley.edu.        86400   IN      NS      adns2.berkeley.edu.
cs.berkeley.edu.        86400   IN      NS      ns.EECS.berkeley.edu.
…

My answer:


As noted in (an obscure place in) NSD’s documentation,

NSD normalizes names to lower case.

If you want your names to show up with mixed-case, preserving whatever you put in the zone file, you will need to use a different nameserver, such as BIND. It is, after all, the Berkeley Internet Name Daemon…

While it may be possible to hack the NSD source code to make it preserve case, you should be wary of doing this, as it may not be possible to predict what bugs or unintended consequences such a change might introduce, and your nameserver is one of the last places you want mysterious bugs showing up.


View the full question and answer on Server Fault.

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