RPM ignore conflicts

Cobra Kai Dojo asked:

is there a way to ignore rpm version conflicts by keeping the latest version installed?

For example. I want to install gawk in AIX. I have all the required rpms in a folder

bash-4.2-11.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
gawk-4.0.2-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
gettext-0.10.40-8.aix5.2.ppc.rpm
info-4.13a-2.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
libsigsegv-2.10-1.aix5.2.ppc.rpm
readline-6.2-4.aix5.1.ppc.rpm

I try to install them with rpm giving rpm -ivh *.rpm so that rpm will automatically take care of the installation order.

But I get:

package bash-4.2-11 is already installed
package gettext-0.17-7 (which is newer than gettext-0.10.40-8) is already installed
package info-5.0-1 (which is newer than info-4.13a-2) is already installed
package readline-6.2-4 is already installed
file /opt/freeware/bin/msgcomm from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/bin/msgfmt from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/bin/msgmerge from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/bin/msgunfmt from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/bin/ngettext from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/bin/xgettext from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/lib/libintl.a from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/bin/gettext from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/bin/msgcmp from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/share/locale/locale.alias from install of gettext-0.10.40-8 conflicts with file from package gettext-0.17-7
file /opt/freeware/info/info-stnd.info.gz from install of info-4.13a-2 conflicts with file from package info-5.0-1
file /opt/freeware/info/info.info.gz from install of info-4.13a-2 conflicts with file from package info-5.0-1
file /etc/X11/applnk/Utilities/info.desktop from install of info-4.13a-2 conflicts with file from package info-5.0-1
file /opt/freeware/man/man1/info.1 from install of info-4.13a-2 conflicts with file from package info-5.0-1
file /opt/freeware/man/man1/infokey.1 from install of info-4.13a-2 conflicts with file from package info-5.0-1
file /opt/freeware/man/man1/install-info.1 from install of info-4.13a-2 conflicts with file from package info-5.0-1
file /opt/freeware/man/man5/info.5 from install of info-4.13a-2 conflicts with file from package info-5.0-

So, is there a way to ignore the gettext and info conflict by just doing nothing? I don’t want to use force and replace them with older versions.

I know that if I try to install the rpms manually one-by-one without installing the gettext and info rpms the installation of gawk will succeed.

I want to find a solution which doesn’t involve me manually installing the rpms in the correct order.

edit:
I have true -Uvh The problem with rpm -Uvh *.rpm is that instead of installing the new rpm binaries by resolving their dependencies with the ones that are already installed or in the folder, it just outputs:

package gettext-0.17-7 (which is newer than gettext-0.10.40-8) is already installed
package info-5.0-1 (which is newer than info-4.13a-2) is already installed
package readline-6.2-4 is already installed

and it stops without progressing to the other rpms that need to be installed. I believe this is not a normal behavior and I don’t know if this has to do with a problem in rpm (I am using an old version – version 3).

My answer:


Since you are updating existing packages, rather than exclusively installing packages, you need to use the update option -U instead of the install option -i. This will allow you to both install and update packages at once.

rpm -Uvh *.rpm

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